The driver is quite a specific profession that requires constant attention and tension (both physical and moral). Driving time is a generally accepted term for the rules governing the activities of drivers of commercial trucks and vehicles carrying passengers.
In order to ensure safety and good health, many countries have adopted special standards in which the driver’s work and rest regimes are detailed, and a mandatory tachograph installation is recommended.
The EEC regulation 3821/85 of December 20, 1985 made tachographs mandatory in all EU countries from September 29, 1986. The European Agreement on the work of drivers engaged in international transport (AETR, from the French Accord Européen sur les Transports Routiers) entered into force on July 31, 1985.
A tachograph is a device that controls compliance with driving standards, work schedule and driver rest.
For international road transport, the following standards apply (for 1 driver):
- Driving time per week should not exceed 56 hours.
- Driving time is 9 hours a day, it is possible to exceed this figure 2 times a week to 10 hours (overtime).
- If the driver is on a 2-week flight, the total driving time should not be higher than 90 hours.
- The maximum continuous driving time per day is 4.5 hours.
- The total working time per day is 13 hours; it can be extended to 15 hours in the countries of loading and unloading.
- A 45-minute rest is assumed, every 4.5 hours of driving (single or double: two phases of 15 minutes and 30 minutes).
- Work on the tachograph in Europe suggests an 11-hour rest during the day. This time can be reduced 3 times a week to 9 hours.
- Each work week should contain 45 hours of rest.
On long flights, the driver’s cabin must be equipped with a berth, so that he has the opportunity to stop in the parking lot and rest on schedule.
The driver can adjust the standards to achieve convenient parking and ensure the safety and security of cargo or passengers of cars.